Why Learn Homa?
Agni is the most ancient and important gods in Vedas. He plays a central role in sacrificial rituals. As the god of fire, Agni is the conduit and messenger between the human realm and the celestial realm. Agni considered as mouth of the deities – “agni mukhā vai dēvāḥ”, and infact, all devatas are Agni himself. Offerings made through him are believed to go directly to other deities.
Agni Vidya is the key to all knowledge. Worship of Agni will enable one to function inwards, this practice will enable to withdrawal of senses from the sensual objects of the world, at will. right attitude in the world. The purpose of Fire ritual is to eliminate impurities in us and to eliminate the weeds that hinder the growth.The weeds and seeds are within every person.The weeds are of ignorance while the seeds are of knowledge. Knowledge leads us to right action. Ignorance leads us to false attractions. An intelligent truth seeker should eliminate weeds and nourish seeds. Through Fire ritual one can seek burning up of the weeds, elimination of false attractions and protection from dubious paths.
Agni considered as “Pavaka” – a purifier. Among all the 5 basic elements of air, water, earth, fire and space, agni is considered as purest. “yō agmim dēvavitayē haviśman avivasati tasmai pavaka mrlaya”. Agni esoterically represents divine illumination and manifests as the Fire element in the Earthly plane of Human existence. In the current world, it is the best suited for an accelerated growth for both spirituality and fulfillment of mundane desires.
Agnihotra (homa) is a sacrifice offered to Agnideva. This has two parts, nitya – constant oblation and kāmya – occasional or for fulliment of specific desires.
Nitya homa – A nitya (daily) homa is performed to universal / Vedic deities, Ista/Upasana deity.
Nitya homa(daily /regular) performed to seek blessings from deities, have an accelerated growth in the spiritual path. For such homas, the rules are simple and performed with simple material.
Kamya homa – A homa performed on either specific occasion or for a purpose. Kamya homa enables the performer to receive blesings for fulifillment of a specific desire (marriage, child, Job, health etc) from universal / ishta deities. Some of such homas may need a specific count of ahutis and specific material to be offered into the homa agni.
Purascharana homa – A homa performed to bring “Chaitanya” (Shakti) to the presiding mantra deity within ones consciousness.
A Sadhaka/upasaka performs purascharana process for attaining the mantra siddhi of a desired deity. In kaliyuga, one must perform multiple Purascharanas (atleast 4 times) to receive the siddhi of mantra. After Siddhi, the mantra-deity (created by the energy of sadhana) becomes an individual god for Sadhaka.
The following is the process:
Sadhaka to receive a “Mantra” of deity from a siddha guru. Guru to suggest the mantra japa count (a minimum of 1 lakh count for japa is suggested for most mantras to get “eligibility / adhikara” to perform homa with that mantra).
- Sadhaka to perform prescribed count of mantra Japa
- 1/10th count of Japa to offer as Aahutis in the Homa
- 1/10th of Ahuti count to be offered as Tarpana
- 1/10th of Tarpana count to be offered as Marjana (Abhisheka)
- 1/10th of Marjana count to be offered as Annadana to the appropriate mouth (young girls for Devi and young boys for Hanuman, Sadhus, Pious Brahmins etc).
Once the above process is complete, it is beneficial for a Saadhaka to perform homa and meditiation with the mantra regularly (japa counts do not matter for such homas.
For all general-purpose homas, sadhaka must invoke “Pavaka agni” into a square homa kunda. Homa done regularly enables the Sadhaka for a faster spiritual growth.
NiTYAGNI, with the blessings of Sadhguru Anil Kumar Joshi ji, teaches all aspirants for performing Nitya, Kamya and Purascharana homas as guided by Paramahamsa Sri Nikhileswarananda ji.